Economic Indicators of Real Value

The website found at

indicates that the 10 most popular markers of economic viability are these:

1. 1. Real GDP (Gross Domestic Product)

2. M2 (Money Supply)

3. Consumer Price Index (CPI)

4. Producer Price Index  (PPI)

5. Consumer Confidence Index

6. Current Employment Statistics (CES)

7. Retail Trade Sales and Food Services Sales

8. New and Used Housing Starts  (“Housing Numbers”)

9. Manufacturing and Trade Inventories and Sales  (How much sold vs. leftover)

10. S&P 500 Stock Index (the S&P 500)

These metrics, as good and useful as they are, were formed on a positivistic concept of economics, one which views these features as independent from what are actually the most important factors (ethical and covenantal) determining the present and long-term success of any economy, local or international.  Solomon’s affirmation that righteousness (or better wisdom) exalts a nation is exactly true and can be viewed throughout history according to the character of leaders, nations and peoples.

Righteousness, like most everything else, comes by matter of degree and is dynamic.  This is, in effect, where sociology meets ethics.  The time lag factor tends to cloud the issue.  Deeds done today do not often roil the markets tomorrow; nor can they be expect to have any real impact for some time later (usually).  This suggest that we want to find the relevant trends, and create corresponding trend indicators to estimate economic fortitude tomorrow.   Here are a few of my suggestions as to what we ought to be looking at, and the WAYS in which we ought to do our economic “looking.”

Dr. Craig’s New Metrics and Standards for Advanced (Alexandrian) Economics

  1. Wisdom Exalts a Nation

A wisdom index of a nation would include the total amount of money given to aid the less fortunate or other excellent charity as a percentage of the Real GDP.  Cost of life insurance should also rate as an overall wisdom indicator since wisdom promotes longer and healthier life.  Nations should each have a wisdom index metric result published for comparison annually.  This would incite nations to more wise, fiscal and ethical behaviors.

  1. The Principle of Lex Talionis rules the world of economics
  • If you want your debts to fall, forgive the debts of other nations
  • If you want your nation to succeed, cause other nations to win
  • Subsidize all nations if you want their business (earth care package)
  • The measure of strength of an economy is the trend of “Virtue.”  The virtue index employs seven markers to estimate the strength of the economy going forward.

Per capita gives the best average indicator, to be synthesized with the median, perhaps, to find right proportion.

Labor production total, which amounts to a measure of national diligence and skill in the workplace;

30-year Investment return (Wisdom);

Cost of Crime (Goodness) [when crime rate is lower]; This includes price of law enforcement, court procedures, and prison maintenance, and value lost to the economy for the ten most commonplace, or expensive crimes.

Charity donations given in any one year

Life — since wisdom leads to life, the cost of insuring life is lower where wisdom flourishes, and higher where it lacks. Life insurance rates per capita thus form an excellent indicator of national wisdom level.  Fools get themselves killed at a much faster rate than those wise enough to “get out of the middle of the street.”


This post will continue later — If the Lord Wills.

How to Ramp Up Your Research Profits

Some who have begun composing, or are considering building the research platform model espoused on my blog might be wondering, where do I start my research?  I have some suggestions here, where you start with “what’s happening now” in the trends of profitability.  I happened to have found such a list, and would like to share it will my fellow MASD friends and free-market peopleThis list taken from the McKinsey Global Institute analysis, is found at BAIN_BRIEF_8MacroTrends.pdf-Adobe Reader.

It provides the 12 latest trends that show lucrative potential for research.  What to do with these?  Use these as area studies concentrations for your research teams and then cross-compare your results to produce new ideas that transcend any one of these areas by the cross-fertilization conceptual experiment.  Ask, what would happen if we wanted to create a new technology from more than one of these fields at the same time?  Try cross-referencing each of these areas with the others after viewing a “top ten new technologies” list from EACH of these trend areas.

Compare these new technologies across the areas and ask what you might innovate that makes use of two or more from each area.  Keep a file open for each new concept, or proto-type idea you develop.  Put a one paragraph commentary under each idea you come up with, specifying what it might be useful for, and how it could accrue value or generate profit for businesses or nations.  When it comes to profitability, do not be afraid to think big.

The macro-trend is your macro-friend.

Mobile Internet

Increasingly inexpensive and capable mobile computing devices and Internet connectivity

Automation of knowledge work

Intelligent software systems that can perform knowledge work tasks involving unstructured commands and subtle judgments

The Internet of Things

Networks of low-cost sensors and actuators for data collection, monitoring, decision making, and process optimization

Cloud technology

Use of computer hardware and software resources delivered over a network or the Internet, often as a service

Advanced robotics

Increasingly capable robots with enhanced senses, dexterity, and intelligence used to automate tasks or augment humans

Autonomous and near-autonomous vehicles

Vehicles that can navigate and operate with reduced or no human intervention

Next-generation genomics

Fast, low-cost gene sequencing, advanced big data analytics, and synthetic biology (“writing” DNA)

Energy storage

Devices or systems that store energy for later use, including batteries

3D printing

Additive manufacturing techniques to create objects by printing layers of material based on digital models

Advanced materials

Materials designed to have superior characteristics (e.g., strength, weight, conductivity) or functionality

Advanced oil and gas exploration and recovery

Exploration and recovery techniques that make extraction of unconventional oil and gas economical

Renewable energy

Generation of electricity from renewable sources with reduced harmful climate impact

Remember Moore’s Law.   What Is Moore’s Law?

The world’s fastest supercomputer in 1975 matches the performance capacity of the iphone 4 today; the first cost $5 million in 1975, and the second now costs 400 bucks. Quantum computing is emerging as a new technology at the same time as the advent of “hyper-intelligent software” (roughly meaning software apps with better people skills than the pizza delivery guy, and that can do math faster). These two new technologies promise to combine their strengths soon to yield utterly surprising advances on a fairly routine schedule.

This means we need to get busy creating profit before the other guys steal our thunder.

In 5 years, the iphone 7 will do what the fastest supercomputer can do today, and it will interact with you constantly through nanotechnology by mere thought and volition, making the average person potentially supersmart, and able to interact with other supersmart people through the internet 24-7.  Then there’s the nano-web. What does this mean?

This means we need to get busy creating profit before the other guys steal our thunder.

Sophic Deism And A New Covenantal Historiography

Here is my hypothetical (if you must treat it so) proposal for how God works all things together for the good of everyone in history, and how He shows the greatness of His Wisdom and goodness to all.   It is based on the principle of mutual, reflexive judgement offered in the same kind and measured accordingly by degree.  This picture of how things work takes its graphic from Heraclitos, where time “streams.”

God causes the influence of evil deeds by evil persons to be first mitigated and then progressively extinguished over time both by the effects of other evil deeds carried forward (bad canceling bad, so to speak) and by the compounding effects of good deeds encountered over time as more and more people find more powerful ways to impact the world around for the better by good works.

In other words, God brings entropy to diminish those introduced sources of extravagant entropic production — perhaps bringing and evil man to execute a second man (or many people) just like him who has done great harm already.  This would limit the evil to that done by one evil person instead of the far greater to be done by many evil people.  Evil can be used to cut off or limit evil, and good can be used to overrun or overrule the effects of evil persons by repairing, restoring and healing that which was harmed.

On the other hand, the little good that is done in this world by evil people — even an evil man might pet and care for his dog while treating people with disdain — God causes over time by the confluent rippling effects of other good deeds to compound as its effectual flow moves forward in time.  In this way, poneric effects cancel and diminish over time, while the effects of the good “mesh,” compound one another, amplifying their effects as the one interweaves with the others “Going forward.”

This means that the only thing that will eventually transpire into the future is the good that we do, and our evil choices will affect only into the relatively near-term future, eventually fizzling out, while the good effects speed ahead relatively unaffected.  Thus, the evil you do can only do permanent damage by limiting the effects (in some measure) of the good works that you do.  And this limiting can happen only early on in the intermeshing process — where the effects both good and evil originate closely together in time).  In the end, the good not canceled by the bad outruns and outlasts the effects of the evil which become more diminished with time.   The limiting effects of people in the future who do evil against the compounding good have exactly the same problem — their evil lasts only a little while, and God compounds your good deeds with the propelling influence of the good of others.

Suppose evil person A tries to limit your good influence in the future.  His evil influence is diminished by lex tal, by the evil of others,and your good is propelled by establishing and building it with the good influence of other good people.  That is, their limiting influence is cut in half, while your good-amplifying influence is doubled.

This is in short how God rules and causes good to win over evil.  As time moves forward and the compounding influence of the good accumulates, eventually it reaches a kind of “critical mass,” where mankind will learn how to convert our own somatic matter into somatic energy (per Dr. Einstein), and retain its form intact.  This will be the science and technology of the future — probably energetic nanotechnology — standing behind the religious doctrine of “glorification” to be understood in terms of physics and chemistry in the future, but with a religious explanation found also in the light of nature.

This is how we actually inherit glory, by progressively better obedience to the light of nature in the sciences, free markets, technological innovation and the like, not by death and resurrection.  We inherit by obedience unto blessing and life, not by death and dying, which so far as I can tell, have never done anyone a damn bit of good.

The definitive and real goodness of God then resident in the light of nature comes to expression representatively through the good and wise works that we do in dependence upon Him — goods and services, mercy and charity, etc — and these God multiplies in their effects over time, while diminishes evil effects by reflexive judgment with evil influence pitted against evil influence.  The good thus God establishes, blesses and amplifies going forward until it reaches a critical mass of “Glory day.”   Miracles not included (Just good science, technology and free-market capitalism with the divine blessing added by vegetarianism and monogamous relations, menaing obedience to the light of nature more generally.

Then human life shall last a very, very long time, after a manner and appearance of which we would now call “angelic” by metaphor.

What should we conclude from this?  Now is the most important time in your life to begin investing in your future.  By prayerfully trusting in the goodness of God to hear your petitions for wisdom and mercy, we can work collectively to learn the most powerful ways yet to bless those around us, and inherit a just and most generous reward in the future by the Lord God’s blessed hand.  It’s time to get busy doing good works, and that more strategically and powerfully than ever.

There is no wisdom, no insight, no plan that can succeed against the Lord.   A patient man has great understanding.

By mercy and charity sin is atoned for, and he who refreshes others will himself be refreshed.


The Necessity of Logic Counter-indicates the Folly of Nihilism

We know that knowledge does in fact obtain in the real world because its denial refutes itself.  Some today falsely pretend that we do not know, when in fact the only proper question is how do we do the knowing that we so often do?   We do not properly question the fact of epistemology, but only the proper interpretation of it.

Nihilism, a philosophy that takes it name from the word for “nothing,” represents not actually any one philosophy, but amounts to a convoluted package of mutally incompatible affirmations, now here or now there, which pretends at the end that all devolves into a morass of arbitrary assessments.   This amounts to the denial of knowledge en toto.  Nihilism is, of course, its own refutation.  The pretense it maintains seems profound when the nihilist constantly asks the question “How do you know ….”.  Here are a few facts worth noting about nihilism that you should know and never tire of repeating for the “memory-challenged” nihilist.

a.  Nihilists on their own view do not know anything.  If you simply ask them, they admit this.  If they say “We are not sure,” ask “exactly of what are you sure?”  (Nothing).  Then they go right on to affirm all kinds of things as true and known, which they have just admitted they do not know, or affirm they are not sure of (This is but the same thing said twice).

1.  “You cannot prove (or know) that ….”  [The Nihilists challenge this but cannot know it].  So they instead put it in question form:

“How do you know that…?)  .  This question could mean “How did you learn that “such and such” is true?”  or else “How do you justify the claim that “such and such” is true, or “What method of gaining knowledge might I use to learn that X is true?” etc.  The typical point is to try to show you that you cannot prove what you believe.  But the nihilist implicitly assumes all kinds of things throughout his painful and arbitrary interrogation, and he takes his own arbitrariness (falsely) to prove yours.

2.  “Your argument is circular.”   This the Nihilist falsely takes to means that you have lost the debate.  Given his standards (He does not have any) you could not lost the debate upon the discovery of any fallacy in your position or argument structure.  Moreover, if one can prove the conclusion of a circular argument upon grounds independently of the circle itself, the circle does not count as fallacious, since the conclusion is proven the other ground — one such ground for which can be logical necessity. Circularity is a necessary feature of worldviews since their metaphysical outlook informs their epistemology (which proves their metaphysical outlook, and their ethical strictures bear the same relationship to both elements).  This circularity is simply a feature of coherence. without this mutually confirming interdependence, one gets instead dissonance of dialectical tensions.

So, if your “circle” is coherent, you are “bad” for being consistent, but if not, then you are “bad” for being noncircular (self-contradictory).  Catch 22?  Hardly.  This shows that the fallacy of circular reasoning has a necessary exception.  When considering reasoning at the highest level of your epistemic architecture, since coherence is a necessary feature of truth, circular reasoning is (PRE) LOGICALLY REQUIRED, else self-contradiction ensues.  In other words, if one’s “reasoned circle” is independently confirmed by logical necessity, then the circularity is not relevant, given its logical necessity as proof of its truth status.  How do you know this circle is logical necessary?  Its denial implies its own self-denial.  Aristotle 102.

You know that an argument (or proposition) is logically necessary when its denial implies its own undoing.  For example, when Aristotle was challenged to prove the positive truth-value (truth-yield capability) of reason itself, he pointed out that arguing against reason requires just what the opponent’s conclusion denies.  This shows that logic has “transcendental status.”

3.  They love the challenge that one’s argument (yours) presupposes the principle the excluded middle (which they take falsely to have been challenged successfully — even though they have no criteriology that could confirm this  — yet this principle it turns out has transcendental status — rendering their challenge a big yawn.

4.  Nihilism has no formal adequacy — no coherence and no correspondence — and no material adequacy.    Solomonic Deism has all three features.

5.  Nihilism is entirely question-begging, circular, and contradictory — which presupposes Nihilism — IF this challenge is no real objection to Nihilism.  What can any Nihilist offer to favor its position?  Nothing.  So why beg the question in this direction when Solomonic Deism offers trillions of dollars in value, great science and technology, outstanding coffee-brewing machines and microwave ovens?

6. Nihilism attempts to reduce all things to the status of the arbitrary.   This admits that Nihilists can justify no particular argument against your views, and that no objection of theirs to anything you say has any real substance (it is a mirage by their own testimony) — so what right has the nihilist to require you to listen to their whining?  (None.  They have nothing profitable to say and will tell you so if you ask them).

Always ask the questioning Nihilist — “Does this question have any provable relevance or value?”  “Will it prove that I do not have knowledge?”

7.  When you show that they are self-contradictory, or arbitrary or both, they always say “That is just the point.”  They take by this to mean that you and everyone else are arbitrary or self-contradictory MERELY because they are.  This is their favorite non-sequitur.

8.  All sound and valid arguments have premisses related to conclusion by LOGICAL NECESSITY.   This is the opposite of what every logician (and dictionary) means by non-arbitrary.  The Nihilist attempts to reduce all features of human experience, including logical necessity — to the status of arbitrary.  Here, things mean their opposites — black is white and up is down when the logically necessary is arbitrary.   In other words, all sound and valid arguments falsify Nihilism — since the existence of logical necessity implies the denial of “universal arbitrariness.”

9.  The Nihilist hopes to show to the Solomonic Deist (or other debate opponent) that the opponent of Nihilism is arbitrary, abuses language, or contradicts himself, or some combination thereof.  This means that if you do this, you have lost the debate.  Note this implied standard that the Nihilist seeks to impose because he violates it often in his own reasoning — meaning that given his own standard, he has lost the debate, since he admits that his arguments are arbitrary (by arguing that all is arbitrary) meaning unjustified.  Given his views, he cannot but lose.  Given the ASD position, we cannot but win, since the light of nature forms the only plausible ground for debate.  If given our view, we necessarily win, and his — that he necessarily loses, the outcome of the debate is foregone.

Note that each of these “loss” or “win” conclusions obtains independently of the other, so that the principle of excluded middle need not obtain for the loss of the one to imply a win for the other, or vice-versa.

Ask the nihilist is (s) he has any sound or valid arguments in favor of his position or against yours.  Logicians call this “Check mate.”

Knowledge does in fact obtain because its denial refutes itself.

Notes For Solomonic Deists — Since knowledge obtains, and the Nihilist has already agreed with you that all the other positions that are not Solomonic Deist and not Nihilism are unjustified or falsified by their own standards — you may freely affirm that “Either Solomonic Deism is true or else Nihilism.  But Nihilism cannot be true on its own terms since the idea of truth amounts to a denial of nihilism.   Therefore Solomonic Deism obtains since it is proven to be true by its own standards, and nihilism is refuted by them.   Nihilism refutes nihilism, and ASD refutes Nihilism.  Neither refutes ASD.   The only option left is the one that justifies knowledge and is thereby proven to be true by both positions.  ASD wins.

One final note:  The fact is that all language presupposes the legitimacy of the principle of the excluded middle, since word definitions (semantic content more generally) derive their meanings ultimately from what they exclude.  Nihilists then do what they challenge in others — when they do the challenging.

In other words, by the word “car” in English, we mean “not a tree, not a house,” etc. etc.  This follows from the fact that Every language has a limited number of semantic terms and referents.  People (whom you might call Psycho  linguists)  actually count this stuff.  Damn.

Self-conscious Nihilists are only trying to bully you with “apparent logic” into their camp.  Do not be deceived by the veneer of civility.  It is but a ruse to manage you and they will take any linguistic course of trickery, including deliberate lying and manipulation — to manage it.  Do not be surprised when they quit the logic game and begin swearing at you like the devil or threaten to bomb your house, or take a hammer to your favorite appliance, if you do not become a Nihilist.

The Abjuration of All Religious Anathemas

An “Anathema” or else in Greek, “katathema,” names a particularly malignant aspect of bad religion from the Solomonic Deist perspective.  These formal, judicial curses pronounced (often) at Christian Church councils represent exactly the opposite of what religion is supposed to be about.

The purpose or intention of an anathema aims to send the “target” (recipient of the curse) to hell or the lake of fire eternally, the more mundane counterpart to which would amount to living in a blast furnace for all eternity — the total destruction of the human person (see also crucifixion), with torturous and utterly barbaric repair added continuously just so that the torture can continue indefinitely.

Besides showing utter disdain for the human person and his value, this sadistic (and false) doctrine portrays the All-wise and merciful God as a sort of psychotic Hannibal Lector.  It goes directly against the blessing with which the Lord of creation endowed his “ktiseos” (created cosmos) from the beginning.  Please note also that Genesis 14 runs contrary to the doctrine of hell by showing Melchizedek’s priesthood is a priesthood of blessing only.  That priest, like the Lord of creation, only blessed and never cursed.  Cursing is forbidden all throughout the Bible, “bless and do not curse…,” “Do not condemn (anathemas are the strongest form of condemnation possible) or you too will be condemned … “, etc.  The Lord’s example and the initial conditions of Genesis are binding in Matthew 19.4 upon all men forever, and this including blessing, and not cursing.

For those churches, individuals and other organizations that wish to join the ranks of those who would bless and show mercy instead of tyranny and hostility, I have prepared this renouncing (abjuration) of all religious anathemas which the Solomonic Deist community heartily invites any and all to enjoin, saying it either together in unison or else signing it, as I have. Here is the text:

We, the undersigned, reject, abjure and abhor in the name of the All-wise creator and the light of nature, all religious and secular anathemas and katathemas of any kind whatever, whether it is:

  • Conciliar of biblical
  • oath-based (oaths are self-imposed curses), or else by imprecatory prayers, Psalms (e.g. 109), or other cursing liturgical elements of any kind
  • Explicit, implicit, or both
  • connotative, denotative or both
  • e. from standards held as primary, secondary or even more remotely bound to higher authority, alleged only or real
  • verbal or written or both
  • from clergy, from the layity or both
  • from authorities (pretended or real domestic, ecclesiastical or civil
  • or any other kind of curse whatsoever

Moreover, we consign ourselves herein to true sorrow and regret over the evil deeds and curses uttered before us by our forebearers, and admit that we are both embarrassed and ashamed by their more failures in this regard; and we promise to seek restitution for any damages done under or by the previous curses, wayward councils, or other vindictive formal pronouncements, to the best of our abilities when we might discover the damages thereby accomplished. We promise instead to pursue the desire to bless God and one another, and to seek to bring the blessing of God to bear upon all — and to defeat the influence of all cursings — for the common good of all mankind, for the general welfare of humans, and that of the animals and all the creation of God, showing forth the goodness and wisdom of the Lord by our best efforts to imitate these with whatever grace God might bestow upon us.

Signature       ___Dr. Ptolemy Philadelphos Craig _

Please consider promoting this, or else a like document, among and to your friends, family or churches if you find it profitable.  Thank you for your kind consideration.

Trillions of Dollars More for the Global Economy

Here are several proposal to be developed later that could add trillions in value to the global ecomomy.

1. Our current annual work calendar lists some 123 days taken off in the United States. I assume that other nations have similar calendars.  If we instead made every day of the week, and each week of the year a work day, we could add some 50% or more to the global GNP.

Here, workers would each schedule with employers a different set of two days off — the first might have off Tuesdays and Wednesdays, while another might have off Friday and Saturday.   This would require about a hiring of 1-2/7ths of the current work force to fill out the labor time lost to the “evening and layering process of scheduled time.”  This would add  investment value over time as well that would be added to the markets, since much of the new earned income would become invested, from the discretionary money representing the new globally-added value.  Over a 20 year period, this could add about one half of one Quadrillion dollars to the world economy, or even more.

2. In the public and private education sector, every school should offer one course in “Charity and Human Values” — added first to the elementary school courses, again to the High School curriculum, and also to the collegiate courses of General Education.

We should do this also with a course entitled “Stock Market and Business 101.”  Both these courses would add extreme value over time to the global economy by new values, attitudes and skill sets.

3.  A new extremely intelligent video game could be created to construct simulated scenarios.  The could mimick highly complex situations accurately with new “hyper-intelligent” software, and with quantum computing.

a. One theory (mine) suggests that we could backtrack through history to isolate the most important catalytic trends and event-complexes that tend toward the blessing of cities, nations and the international community, or else in isolating the conditions or trends most dangerous to the general welfare in order to obviate them in advance.

One such world-historical trend and event program is Sid Meier’s “Civilization Revolution” whose jacket on back reads,

“Lead your civilization from the dawn of man to the space age and beyond.  Go head to head with history’s greatest leaders, as you wage war, conduct diplomacy, discover new technologies, and build the most powerful empire the world has ever seen.”

b.  A far more unsettling — but potentially profitable — software app can be downloaded from called “Plague Inc.”  Here, the (anarchist?) goal is to create an epidemic that wipes out the total population of planet earth.  The application shows an incredibly detailed account of just how plagues spread in the modern world.  By the converse application, this program could be used to learn to defeat the spread of any plague, and any parties that might deliberately promote them.

c.  Likewise, the spread of trade and historical development of markets could be used to create advanced trend extrapolation simulation software to show where yourcompanies goods, services and stores will likely proliferate with the greatest ease, given future market conditions.  Perhaps certain sectors or industries of the stock market, or else derivatives markets, could be evaluated similarly.

4. A human-volition interface could be created for councils that employ collective judgments and analysis of expert groups (researchers) using nanotechnology to interact with hyper-intelligent computers of the near future to spur new innovations and technologies like never before.  This alone could create trillions of dollars in new value to the global and national markets.

Introducing the Alexandrian Timeline

The topic of time is a fascinating subject.  The phenomenalists are happy enough to remind us that our grasp of time is in part constructed, and partly objective, since change transpires with or without us.   Yet our measurement of its passing transpires in the context of a worldview, value system and measuring standards, like this or that math system.

The Western concept of cosmic (large-scale) time, traditionally divides the timeline into two halves, before and after a significant (cosmic) event.  In our case, it was the birth of the historical Jesus, which is incorrect by about 7 or 8 years anyway, and involves an extreme set of historical complexities, including the historical value of the Gospel accounts (which I now give almost zero credibility regarding Jesus of Nazareth, which most probably names a mythological person, constructed by selected prophecies and ideals of what the Messiah would be like when he arrived — originally a hypothetical profile.

The Alexandrian, Solomomic Deist proposal is far more wise and profitable.  We should move the beginning of the western timeline to what is now construed as “330 BCE,” and have it marked instead as the year AA 1 (the first year after the Alexandrian city and civilization began to exist).  Here, 331 BCE would instead simply be marked as “BA 1” (the first year before the Alexandrian city and civilization began to exist.

The current year on the Alexandrian timeline is July 15, AA 2345.

Instead of a non-real crucified Messiah (which favors Semitic culture not particularly relevant to today) at the center of temporal development, this alternative timeline promotes the wisdom and knowledge of the sciences and scholarship, library-centered, mercantile-profitable culture which was found very near the Nile Delta on the Mediterranean Sea.   This timeline is far more conducive to the world of scholarship and construes time in terms of wisdom and understanding — the best civilization to represent these values in the ancient world was certainly the civilization of Alexandria. And it roots time — for the very first time — in what is empirically grounded, not a superstitious “miraculous” worldview, but that of science and technology that gave us the vending machine and the steam engine, geometry and trigonometry, and most of the disciplines now taught at the universities.

When an antireal superstition sits at the center of one’s cosmic notion of temporal development, and subsequently is replaced by empirical reality of wisdom as the centerpiece of historical development  — EVERYTHING CHANGES.  This recommendation to the world academy and university system(s) worldwide would have far-reaching consequences, and might amount to one of the greatest innovations in western (or global) history.

Alexandria forms a cosmopolitan center nearly at the focal point of 3 continents, and which enjoyed the interactivity of dozens of cultures, predominantly, the Semitic, the Hellenistic and the Egyptian.  Founded by Alexander of Macedon in AA 1, it put on display the glory of an ancient, royal dynasty (the Ptolemies) quite given to patronizing the arts, literature, libraries and the sciences — excellent scholarship in general.

This should form the basis of the world timeline, not an obscure and superstitious religion held by fewer and fewer throughout the world, that roots its outlook in the backwood, Semitic corner of the Roman empire, known for relatively little contribution to modern scholarship comparatively.